with the collaboration of Iranian Society of Mechanical Engineers (ISME)

Document Type : Research Article-en


1 Department of Biosystems Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran

2 Department of Agricultural Engineering, Technical and Vocational University (TVU), Tehran, Iran


The present study aimed to examine the application of accurate and principle-based evaluation of a measuring instrument called the Form Tester in determining and detecting the wear phenomenon in the cylinder liner of agricultural tractors. For this purpose, a cylinder liner of the Perkins 4-248 engine (related to the Massey Ferguson 285 tractor) was manufactured by Keyhan Sanat Ghaem Company was used. The geometric parameters that were measured in this research included roundness, straightness, and concentricity of the cylinder liner. The evaluations on roundness and concentricity of cylinder liner were conducted in 12 circular positions with the same longitudinal distances. The straightness was measured in five lines with the same longitudinal distances in 90° around the cylinder liner environment. The results of the measurements were discussed and analyzed to evaluate the engine status along the functional path of the piston within the cylinder liner. The degree of deviation rate of the parameters indicated significant wear within the cylindrical liner. The wear rate in cross-sections at high and low dead points was significantly greater than that of the same cross-section in the vicinity of the midpoint of the piston movement path inside the cylinder, as well as the cross-sections near the high dead point. The results of this research provide feedbacks for engine designers to apply various changes to the engine and for maintenance and repair engineers to ensure the correct implementation as well as preventive and predictive repair and maintenance strategies.


Main Subjects

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