with the collaboration of Iranian Society of Mechanical Engineers (ISME)

Document Type : Research Article


1 PhD Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering of Biosystems, Eghlid Branch, Islamic Azad University, Eghlid, Iran

2 Biosystems Engineering Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Mechanical Engineering of Biosystems, Eghlid Branch, Islamic Azad University, Eghlid, Iran

4 PhD Graduated, Biosystems Engineering Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran


In the poultry industry, reducing energy consumption is essential for reducing costs. Energy requirements in the poultry industry include heating, cooling, lighting, and power line energy. Identifying factors that increase energy usage is crucial, and providing appropriate solutions to reduce costs and energy consumption is inevitable. One of the major and expensive factors in the poultry industry is the use of fossil fuels, which also causes pollution. Energy costs directly impact the cost of production and increase the per capita cost of production in the meat and egg sectors. In Iran, poultry farms are among the most widely used energy consumers, especially for heating breeding halls, making them a significant subset of the agricultural sector.
Materials and Methods
The problem under study is the thermal simulation of a meat poultry farm located in Ardestan city, Isfahan province. Ardestan city is situated in a desert region in the north of Isfahan province, at a latitude of 33 degrees and 23 minutes north, and a longitude of 52 degrees and 22 minutes east. The dimensions of the poultry hall floor are 5 meters by 8 meters, and it has a capacity of 300 poultry pieces. There are two inlet air vents (windows), each with dimensions of 1.90 by 1.6 meters. The roof has an average height of 2.5 meters and is sloping, made from a combination of plastic carton, fiberglass, and sheet metal.
To reduce energy consumption in this poultry farm, a solar heating system is designed and studied in this research. The farm is one of the functions of Isfahan province, with dimensions of 8 meters in length and 5 meters in width. The simulation is performed using TRNSYS software.
Results and Discussion
The results demonstrate that a collector surface area of 26 m2 is necessary to reach the technically optimal point, where the sun's maximum production is achieved with no energy dissipation. Furthermore, the findings indicate that a balance of 16 m2 is required to align the solar system with the auxiliary system.
By installing 2 square meters of solar collectors, 5.2% of the total energy demand can be met with solar energy. To fully meet the energy demand using solar energy, a collector area of 30 square meters is required. As the solar fraction increases, the system's ability to extract solar energy also increases. The maximum production of solar energy without any wastage is achievable with a collector area of 26 square meters. Moreover, to maintain a balance between the use of solar energy and the auxiliary system, a collector area of 16 square meters is needed.


Main Subjects

©2023 The author(s). This article is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source.

  1. Byrne, J., Glover, L., Hegedus, S., & VanWicklen, G. (2005). The potential of solar electric applications for Delaware’s poultry farms. Center for Energy and Environmental Policy, University of Delaware.
  2. Costantino, A., Fabrizio, E., Biglia, A., Cornale, P., & Battaglini, L. (2016). Energy use for climate control of animal houses: The state of the art in Europe. Energy Procedia, 101, 184-191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2016.11.024
  3. Cui, Y., Theo, E., Gurler, T., Su, Y., & Saffa, R. (2020). A comprehensive review on renewable and sustainable heating systems for poultry farming. International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies, 15, 121-142. https://doi.org/10.1093/ijlct/ctz048
  4. Cui, Y., Theo, E., Gurler, T., Su, Y., & Saffa, R. (2021). Feasibility of hybrid renewable heating system application in poultry house: a case study of East Midlands, UK, International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies, 16, 73-88. https://doi.org/10.1093/ijlct/ctaa037
  5. Dbouk, H. M., & Mourad, R. (2019). Solar Heated Poultry House. In 2019 IEEE AFRICON: 1-5. IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/africon46755.2019.9133832
  6. Donald, J. O. (2009). Environmental Management in the Broiler House. Aviagen.
  7. Francis, C. A. (2002). The Next Green Revolution: Essential Steps to a Healthy, Sustainable Agriculture. NACTA Journal, 46, 62-68. https://doi.org/10.5860/choice.39-4568
  8. Duffie, J. A., & Beckman, W. A. (1991). Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes, 2nd Edition, Wiley Interscience, New York.
  9. Duffie, J. A., Beckman, W. A., & Blair, N. (2020). Solar engineering of thermal processes, photovoltaics and wind, 5th Edition, Wiley Interscience, New York. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119540328
  10. Flynn, C., & Siren, K. (2013). Modelling the drake landing solar community with TRNSYS 17 and estimating its potential under Helsinki condition, Alto University, School of Engineering, 1-15.
  11. Gad, S., El-Shazly, M. A., Wasfy, K. I., & Awny, A. (2020). Utilization of solar energy and climate control systems for enhancing poultry houses productivity. Renewable Energy, 154, 278-289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2020.02.088
  12. Goodarzi, B., Kazemi, N., Kashanizadeh, R., Bogri, A., & Yaghoubi, M. (2016). Electric floor heating in non-peak 8-hour cycle in poultry halls. The Second National Conference on Mechanization and New Technologies in Agriculture, Tehran. (In Persian).
  13. Herrando, M., Pantaleo, A. M., Wang, K., & Markides, C. N. (2019). Solar combined cooling, heating and power systems based on hybrid PVT, PV or solar-thermal collectors for building applications. Renewable Energy, 143, 637-647. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2019.05.004
  14. Hottel, H. C., & Woertz, B. B. (1942). The Performance of Flat Plate Solar-Heat Collectors. Transactions of the ASME, 64, 64-91. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4018980
  15. Jurčević, M., Nižetić, S., Marinić-Kragić, I., & Čoko, D. (2021). Investigation of heat convection for photovoltaic panel towards efficient design of novel hybrid cooling approach with incorporated organic phase change material. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 47, 101497. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2021.101497
  16. Kim, D. S. (2018). How to decide on purchasing new medical equipment? OBG Management, 30(5), 34-39.
  17. Klein, S. A., Duffie, J. A., Mitchell, J. C., Kummer, J. P., Beckmann, W. A., & Duffie, N. A. (2007). TRNSYS16 a Transient Simulation Program, Solar Energy Laboratory, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, 357-359.
  18. Koochakzadeh, A., & Tajri, B. (2014). Energy Consumption Control in Poultry Industry. 4th International Conference on New Approaches to Energy Conservation, Tehran. (in Persian).
  19. Li, Y., & Jing, D. (2017). Investigation of the performance of photovoltaic/thermal system by a coupled TRNSYS and CFD simulation, Solar Energy, 143, 100-112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2016.12.051
  20. Liu, Z., Jin, Z., Li, G., Zhao, X., & Badiei, A. (2022). Study on the performance of a novel photovoltaic/thermal system combining photocatalytic and organic photovoltaic cells. Energy Conversion and Management, 251, 114967. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2021.114967
  21. Mohammadi, Z., Mirdamadi, S. M., Farajollah Hosseini, S. J., & Lashgarara, F. (2021). Qualitative analysis of effective factors on the feasibility of utilizing solar technology in the poultry industry. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 18, 703-710. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-020-02870-2
  22. Shahini, H., Saadat fard, M., & Taki, M. (2018). Construction and evaluation of underfloor heating system in poultry house. 3th National Congress on Development and Promotion of Agricultural Engineering and Soil Sciences of Iran, Tehran. (In Persian).
  23. Shen, C., Liu, F., Qiu, S., Liu, X., Yao, F., & Zhang, Y. (2021). Numerical study on the thermal performance of photovoltaic thermal (PV/T) collector with different parallel cooling channels. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 45, 101101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2021.101101
  24. Shyu, C. W. (2013). End-users' experiences with electricity supply from stand-alone mini-grid solar PV power stations in rural areas of western China. Energy for Sustainable Development, 17(4), 391-400. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2013.02.006
  25. Wang, Y., Li, B., Liang, C., & Zheng, W. (2020). Dynamic simulation of thermal load and energy efficiency in poultry buildings in the cold zone of China. Computers and electronics in agriculture, 168, 105127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2019.105127
  26. Xue, J. (2017). Photovoltaic agriculture-New opportunity for photovoltaic applications in China. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 73, 1-9.‏ https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.01.098
  27. Zelzouli, K., Guizani, A., Sebai, R., & Kerkeni, C. (2012). Solar Thermal Systems Performances versus Flat Plate Solar Collectors Connected in Series. Engineering, 4, 881-893. https://doi.org/10.4236/eng.2012.412112