with the collaboration of Iranian Society of Mechanical Engineers (ISME)

Document Type : Research Article-en


Department of Biosystems Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran


In this study, an electronic system was built to determine the mass and volume of orange fruits from their dimensions using ultrasonic sensors. The system hardware parts include a metal box, three ultrasonic sensors, a load-cell sensor, an Arduino board, a memory card module, a voltage converter, a keypad, a display and a power adapter. A computer program was written to obtain data from ultrasonic sensors and determine the mass and volume of fruits using regression relationships in Arduino software. 100 samples of orange fruits (Dezful local variety) were picked randomly from a garden and various measurements were done to determine the main physical properties of fruits including three dimensions, mass (M), and volume (V). The system output values for mass and volume of orange fruits with their actual values had no significant difference at 1% probability level. The root mean square error (RMSE) in determining the oranges mass and volume by the system were 9.02 g and 10.90 cm3, respectively. In general, the proposed system performance was acceptable and it can be used for determining the mass and volume of orange fruits.


Main Subjects

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