with the collaboration of Iranian Society of Mechanical Engineers (ISME)

Document Type : Research Article-en


1 Ph.D. student, Department of Biosystems Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Ttakestan Branch, Takestan, Iran

2 Department of Biosystems engineering, Islamic Azad University, Ttakestan Branch, Takestan, Iran


This study presents the effects of compressed natural gas fuel on a four-cylinder compression ignition engine. Compressed natural gas as the main fuel and diesel fuel as the igniter were used to investigate performance and emissions from the dual fuel engine. According to the engine speed and load, the amount of diesel fuel as igniter was adjusted using mechanical changes in the governor, while no ignition system was used. The engine experimental tests were performed at engine speeds of 1200, 1400, 1600, 1800 and 2000 rpm, using diesel fuel and dual fuel. These data were collected in the Engine Research Center of Tabriz Motorsazan Company and experimental runs were repeated three times. The maximum torque of the engine in diesel mode was 360 N m at 1400 rpm. Compared to the diesel mode, the dual fuel mode showed the maximum torque by 334 N m at 1600 rpm, which is about 26 N m less than that gained from the diesel mode. Considering emissions analysis at 2000 rpm, it is seen that the amount of NOX, HC, CO2 and CO emissions in the dual fuel mode was 20, 53, 16 and 86% more than diesel mode, respectively. However, O2 and soot showed the highest reduction at 2000 rpm for dual fuel mode by 51% and 69% respectively. This study indicated that there was a considerable enhancement in exhausted emissions when the injection of the diesel fuel as igniter was done mechanically. In this regard, control the amount and time of the igniter injection could likely be helped for better control of emissions. Therefore, further research on the modification of the diesel injection system as igniter or CNG injection system is needed towards reducing emissions.


©2023 The author(s). This article is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source.

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